Tweet this post Aging population is rapidly expanding.
Bumiputra A storefront of a Kuala Lumpur kopi tiam that depicts the languages and ethnic groups of Malaysia Bumiputras totaling Laws over who gets Bumiputra status vary between states. They form the largest community in Malaysia and play a dominant role politically.
They make up about half of the total population. By constitutional definitionMalays are Muslims who practice Malay customs adat and culture. Their language, Malay Bahasa Malaysiais the national language of the country. However, English is also widely spoken in major towns and cities across the country.
Malays from different states in Malaysia carry distinct dialects that can sometimes be unintelligible to most of their fellow countrymen.
By definition of the Malaysian constitutionall Malays are Muslims. In the past, Malays wrote in Pallava or using the Sanskrit -based alphabet of Kawi.
Arabic traders later introduced Jawian Arabic-based script, which became popular after the 15th century. Until then reading and writing were mostly the preserve of scholars and nobility, while most Malay commoners were illiterate.
Jawi was taught along with Islam, allowing the script to spread through all social classes. Nevertheless, Kawi remained in use by the upper-class well into the 15th century. The Romanised script was introduced during the colonial period and, over time, it came to replace both Sanskrit and Jawi.
This was largely due to the influence of the European education system, wherein children were taught the Latin alphabet. Malay culture shows strong influences from BuddhismHinduism and animism. However, since the Islamisation movement of the s and 90s, these aspects are often neglected or banned altogether.
Because any Malay-speaking Muslim is entitled to Bumiputra privileges, many non-Malay Muslims have adopted the Malay language, customs and attire in the last few decades.
This is particularly the case with Indian Muslims from the peninsula and the Kedayan of Borneo. The Malay ethnic group is distinct from the concept of a Malay racewhich encompasses a wider group of people, including most of Indonesia and the Philippines.
Orang Asal Ethnic groups in Sabah Malaysia has many other non-Malay indigenous people, who are given Bumiputra status.
The indigenous tribes are the oldest inhabitants of Malaysiaand the indigenous groups of Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia are collectively known as the "Orang Asli".
In Sarawak, the dominant tribal group are the Dayak peoplewho are either Iban also known as Sea Dayak or Bidayuh also known as Land Dayak of which are mainly Christians. The Bidayuhsnumbering around , are concentrated in the southwestern part of Sarawak.
They, together with other indigenous groups in Sarawak make up over half of the states population.
Many tribes, both on the peninsula and in Borneo, were traditionally nomadic or semi-nomadic hunter—gatherers who practice animism, including the PunanPenan and Senoi.
However, their ancestral land and hunting grounds are commonly reclaimed by the state, shifting them to inferior land and sometimes pushing them out of their traditional way of life.
Non-Bumiputras[ edit ] Minorities who lack Bumiputra status have established themselves in Malaysia. Malaysian Chinese The second largest ethnic group at 6.
Malaysian Chinese businesses developed as part of the larger bamboo networka network of overseas Chinese businesses operating in the markets of Southeast Asia that share common family and cultural ties.
The Chinese have been settling in Malaysia for many centuries, as seen in the emergence of the Peranakan culture, but the exodus peaked during the nineteenth century through trading and tin -mining.
When they first arrived, the Chinese often worked the most grueling jobs like tin mining and railway construction. Most Chinese are Tao Buddhist and retain strong cultural ties to their ancestral homeland. The first Chinese people to settle in the Straits Settlementsprimarily in and around Malaccagradually adopted elements of Malayan culture, and some intermarried with the Malayan community.
A distinct sub-ethnic group called babas male and nyonyas female emerged. Babas and nyonyas as a group are known as Peranakan. They produced a syncretic set of practices, beliefs, and arts, combining Malay and Chinese traditions in such a way as to create a new culture.
The Peranakan culture is still visible to this day in the former Straits Settlements of SingaporeMalacca and Penang. The Chinese community in Malaysia, depending on the predominant dialect in a particular region, speaks a variety of Chinese dialects including MandarinHokkienCantoneseHakka and Teochew.
In certain regions in Malaysia, some dialects are more widely used; Hokkien predominates in Penang and Kedahwhile most Chinese in the former centres of tin mining, such as Ipoh and Kuala Lumpurspeak Cantonese.
More recently, however, with the standardised, compulsory use of Mandarin in Chinese schools, a huge majority of Malaysian Chinese now speak Mandarina non-native language that originated from northern China.
The English speakers form a distinct subset within the larger Chinese community, as they are known to have a less Sinocentric mindset, and are rather Westernized in thinking and attitudes.
Malaysian Indian The 2.Demographics of Malaysia As of 1 January , the population of Malaysia was estimated to be 31,, people.
This is an increase of % (, people) compared to population of 31,, the year before.
Between and , the population of Malaysia is expected to increase from million to million - an increase of 80%. The aged population however is expected to increase from million in to million over the same period, an increase of %.
Not only is the scale of population ageing in Asia unprecedented, but so is its speed. In France, the percentage of older people grew from seven per cent to 20 per cent in approximately years. However, the same demographic shift was seen in Japan within just 40 years.
Ponnudurai added that the ageing population of Malaysia and in ASEAN is rising sharply as quality of life improves significantly. By , Malaysia is expected to have reached the status of an ageing nation with 15% of the population above the age of The population distribution is uneven, with some 79% of its citizens concentrated in Peninsular Malaysia, which has an area of , square kilometres (50, sq mi), constituting under 40% of .
The statistic shows a projection of the aging population in Malaysia from to In , the percentage of the population of Malaysia above the age of 65 is forecasted to be at percent.