Gianlorenzo bernini ecstasy of saint theresa

Theresa of Avila was a Spanish nun, mystic and writer during the Counter-Reformation. Some sources suggest that as a girl, Theresa was willful and spoiled, and chose to enter the Carmelite sisterhood instead of marrying a wealthy hidalgo based on the mistaken belief that as a nun she would be afforded more freedom.

Gianlorenzo bernini ecstasy of saint theresa

A deliberately intense work of Christian artit is regarded as one of the most important examples of the Counter-Reformation style of Baroque sculpturedesigned to convey spiritual aspects of the Catholic faith.

The work depicts an episode of "religious ecstasy" in the life of the cloistered Spanish mystic and Carmelite nun - Teresa of Avila - as described in her autobiography "The Life of Teresa of Jesus". Despite its status as a key work of religious artcritics of the work are divided as to whether Teresa is experiencing an intense state of divine joy, or a physical orgasm.

Indeed some devout contemporary observers expressed outrage that Bernini would debase such a holy experience by depicting it in a sexual way.

Ecstasy of Saint Teresa

Ignatius of Loyola, intended any such thing. Instead, he believes that Bernini used the erotic character of the experience as a springboard to a new and higher type of spiritual awakening. The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa is a key work in establishing Bernini as one of the greatest sculptors in the history of art.

Theresa as its centrepiece. Composition Essentially, Bernini designed the chapel as a theatre for his sculpture.

Gianlorenzo bernini ecstasy of saint theresa

The latter is set in a niche above and behind the altar, flanked by pairs of marble columns. It is theatrically illuminated by beams of natural light from a hidden window overhead.

This natural light mingles with and reflects off a sheaf of vertical gilt bronze shafts behind the sculpture, sculpted to resemble the rays of the sun. The sculpture of Saint Teresa actually consists of two figures, sculpted in white marble: The pain was so great, that it made me moan; and yet so surpassing was the sweetness of this excessive pain, that I could not wish to be rid of it.

The soul is satisfied now with nothing less than God. The ruffled, heavy drapery of her clothing adds to the movement and drama of the scene, and the texture of the fabric contrasts with the purity of her face.

The childlike angel looks lovingly at Teresa as he prepares to pierce her heart with his spear of divine love, completing her mystical union with God.

To formalize and "authenticate" the scene as a genuine spiritual experience approved by the Catholic Church, Bernini added two groups of "witnesses" carved in life-size relief sculpture to either side of Tereasa.

The first group, composed of four male members of the Cornaro family, is located to the left of the altar as if in a box at the theatre. A second group, consisting of male representatives of church and state are located to the right.

The Ecstasy of Saint Theresa Analysis

The work is consistent with the aims of the Catholic Counter-Reformation art campaign, which sought to convey the mysteries of Catholicism as cogently as possible. The marble sculpture itself - its whiteness contrasting with the polychrome marble surround - precisely poised above the altar as if it were a divine occurrence in mid-air, is a perfect combination of movement and stillness.

Yet the drapery also conveys the "agitation" of the swooning nun. In creating his Ecstasy of Saint Teresa it is almost certain that Bernini made use of styles initiated by certain Mannerist artists. Andrea al Quirinale, and S. All of which greatly enhanced his reputation as one of the top Baroque architects in the city.Harmony in Red, ().

Henri Matisse. One of many masterpieces to be seen at The Hermitage. Introduction. The Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg, is the largest state gallery in Russia and one of the best art museums in the world. Reportedly consisting of three million works of art, the museum's collection of painting and sculpture is divided between six buildings, the main one being the.

Neptune and Triton () Victoria and Albert Museum. Summary. Gian Lorenzo Bernini was the most brilliant exponent of Baroque sculpture, one of the top Baroque architects, and a key figure in Baroque spent almost his entire career in Rome and was responsible for some of the greatest sculptures of the 17th century.

The traditional interpretation of Bernini's Ecstasy of Saint Teresa is relatively straightforward. The sculpture portrays the Saint's overpowering sense of spiritual pleasure in serving Christ. The sculpture portrays the Saint's overpowering sense of spiritual pleasure in serving Christ.

Media in category "Ecstasy of St Theresa by Bernini" The following 48 files are in this category, out of 48 total. Located above the altar of the Cornaro Chapel in Rome’s Santa Maria della Vittoria, Bernini’s The Ecstasy of St. Teresa represents an episode from the life of the saint as recorded in her spiritual autobiography.

Teresa describes an angel carrying a fire-tipped spear with which he pierces her heart repeatedly, an act that sends her into a state of spiritual rapture. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Ecstasy of Saint Teresa, (Cornaro Chapel, Santa Maria della Vittoria, Rome) Saint Teresa Canonized (made a saint by the Church) largely for the spritual visions she experienced, Teresa of Ávila was a nun who lived in 16th century Spain, at the height of the Reformation.

Ecstasy of Saint Teresa by Bernini: Composition, Meaning