Special needs rule criminal evidence essay

Probation Searches A probation officer may search the home of a probationer for evidence of the violation of probation conditions, where agreement to such a search is a condition of probation, as a special need of the probation system. Such a search also may be conducted by a police officer, where agreement to such a search is a condition of probation, as a need justified by the purpose of investigating criminal activity by probationers.

Special needs rule criminal evidence essay

Even in recent decades, critics of government policies have ended up facing dredged-up, if not trumped-up, criminal charges over some past indiscretion or misdeed. Official White House Photo by Pete Souza More recently on May 31,Bill and I took part in a panel discussion in New York, so this freshly sponged-up learning still dwelled in my frontal lobe when I was interviewed by RT on June 5,the anniversary of the first-published disclosure from Edward Snowden.

Drug Enforcement Administration unit is funneling information from intelligence intercepts, wiretaps, informants and a massive database of telephone records to authorities across the nation to help them launch criminal investigations of Americans.

So, NSA passes the information on to the relevant law enforcement agency. It could be a vehicle transporting illegal drugs or a transfer of suspicious funds or pretty much anything. The arrest is made to appear the splendid result of traditional detective techniques.

Seal of the National Security Agency Let me be politically incorrect and mention the possibility of blackmail or at least the fear among some politicians that the NSA has collected information on their personal activities that could be transformed into a devastating scandal if leaked at the right moment.

Do not blanch before the likelihood that the NSA has the book on each and every member of Congress, including extramarital affairs and political deal-making. Edgar Hoover used much more rudimentary technology a half century ago to develop dossiers on the personal indiscretions of political and ideological opponents.

I happened to be with a highly accomplished attorney one not involved in security law when we saw TV reporting that the Solicitor General of the United States had misled the U. My lawyer friend kept shaking his head, with his mouth agape: Other than the Supreme Court justices themselves, the Solicitor General is among the most influential members of the legal community.

There are seldom penalties in Washington for playing fast and loose with the truth. The Department of Justice had reviewed his draft testimony and did not tell Verrilli that this was not the truth. But Verrilli subsequently found out that his assurances had been false, and there ensued an argument with the Department of Justice, which opposed revealing use of NSA sources in any court.

Special needs rule criminal evidence essay

We cannot escape some pretty dismal conclusions here. Pentagon Papers whistleblower Daniel Ellsberg, standing up for Pvt.

Professional Ethics & Wrongful Discharge

Bradley now Chelsea Manning. Whistleblowers, like Chelsea Manning and Edward Snowden, have faced decades in prison for divulging important secrets to the American people.

And so the legal rot continues. Bush and Obama administrations. With the Snowden revelations beginning to tumble out into the media, Schofield described Schmidt as he pondered the sheer magnitude of domestic spying in the United States.

Decide to spy on a new victim and an old one had to be dropped, because of a lack of equipment. He finds breathtaking the idea that the U. This is the nature of secret government organizations.This website provides responsible criticism of the 9/11 Commission Report by senior military, intelligence and government officials.

It provides experienced professional opinions about the terrorist attacks on the world trade center and the pentagon. The course will then specifically focus on evidence concepts including, but not limited to: witness competency and impeachment, hearsay, admissions & confessions, circumstantial evidence, documentary & physical evidence and the exclusionary rule.

(used relatively in restrictive clauses having that as the antecedent): Damaged goods constituted part of that which was sold at the auction.

Special needs rule criminal evidence essay

(used after a preposition to represent a specified antecedent): the horse on which I rode. (used relatively to represent a specified or implied antecedent) the one that; a particular one that: You may choose which you like. The parol evidence rule, which bars the admission of extrinsic evidence to vary the terms of a written agreement, is usually considered a matter of substantive law, not of rule of evidence.

Accordingly, we will not deal with it here. Criminal Law Topics for Research Paper. As a student of criminology, finding criminal law essay topics can be quite mind-boggling and difficult to narrow down. Exclusionary Rule – In criminal law parlance, exclusionary rule refers to prohibiting the use of evidence that has been illegally obtained.

Evidence is the key element in determining the guilt or innocence of those accused of crimes against society in a criminal court of law. Evidence can come in the form of weapons, documents, pictures, tape recordings and DNA.

Patriots Question 9/11 - Responsible Criticism of the 9/11 Commission Report